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What were computers like in the 1940?

In the 1940s, computers took up entire rooms, like the ENIAC, which was once called a "mathematical robot." John Mauchly created the ENIAC during World War II to help the Army with ballistics analytics. The machine could calculate thousands of problems each second.Sep 13, 2019

Which computer was invented in 1940?

3 main computers were invented in the 1940s, ENIAC, the first automatic general purpose computer. Colossus, the world's first digital programmable computer. And Finally, Bombe, the british computer that deciphered german Enigma machine's encrypted messages.

Who were the first designer of computer in the 1940?

The Atanasoff-Berry Computer (ABC) is completed

The machine was designed and built by Atanasoff and graduate student Clifford Berry between 1939 and 1942.

What computer was used in ww2?

Colossus was a set of computers developed by British codebreakers in the years 1943–1945 to help in the cryptanalysis of the Lorenz cipher. Colossus used thermionic valves (vacuum tubes) to perform Boolean and counting operations.

What technology was around in 1940?

New technologies such as radar, the jet engine, helicopters, and electronic computers all were wartime innovations. With the creation of the atomic bomb, American scientists influenced the political and cultural atmosphere of the rest of the century and beyond.

image-What were computers like in the 1940?
image-What were computers like in the 1940?
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How did computers affect the history?

Computers have evolved and advanced significantly over the decades since they originated. Gradually, computers have become smaller and faster, enabling people to use them virtually anywhere. ... New computer technology has enabled more advanced business tasks as well.

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Is NASA a early computer?

IBM's 7090 mainframe computer was the heart of the Mercury control network. In 1959, the DOD issued a challenge to the computer industry in the form of specifications for a machine to handle data generated by the new Ballistic Missile Early Warning System (BMEWS). ... This was NASA's first redundant computer system.

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How much did the first computer cost in 1943?

Although projected to cost $150,000, it ultimately cost $400,000 to complete. The ENIAC was designed and developed by University of Pennsylvania Professor John W. Mauchly along with graduate student John Eckert Jr., pictured here with U.S. military officials.

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Who is known as father of computer?

Charles Babbage: "The Father of Computing" ... Babbage is sometimes referred to as "father of computing." The International Charles Babbage Society (later the Charles Babbage Institute) took his name to honor his intellectual contributions and their relation to modern computers.

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Who invented laptop?

Adam Osborne invented the laptop in 1981. Though Osborne 1 was recognized as the first laptop, the concept of a portable computer was given in 1968 by Alan Kay.

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Who is the first computer virus?

The Brain Boot Sector Virus

Brain, the first PC virus, began infecting 5.2" floppy disks in 1986. As Securelist reports, it was the work of two brothers, Basit and Amjad Farooq Alvi, who ran a computer store in Pakistan.

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Who invented Internet?

Computer scientists Vinton Cerf and Bob Kahn are credited with inventing the Internet communication protocols we use today and the system referred to as the Internet.

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How did the computer help in ww2?

During WWII there were many kinds of specialized computers designed to use mechanical methods to make calculations. True airspeed calculators, firing tables, and dead reckoning computers are the most common examples.Feb 16, 2016

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What impact did computers have on ww2?

Computers were introduced to the U.S. Navy on the eve of war for submarines. The computers used trigonometry to help the submariners know when to fire their torpedoes at a moving target. These devices were expanded to surface ships to provide more accurate firing of the guns.

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Was the first computer used in ww2?

Colossus was the world's first programmable electronic digital computer. British code breakers used Colossus for cryptanalysis during World War II. These messages were sent between the German High Command, and army field commanders. Reading these messages helped the Allies to win the war.

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Were there computers in the 1940s?

  • The computers in the 1940s and 1950s were mostly based on vacuum tubes. Transistors showed up late in the game, and integrated circuits were just a distant dream and didn’t start showing up in computers until the 1960s, and then in very limited capacity.

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Who built the first laptop?

  • The first laptop was made in 1979 by British Designer Bill Moggridge. GRiD Systems Corporation helped improve his design. GRiD made the product with a fold-down display that covered the keyboard.

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Who invented the laptop?

  • Who Invented the Laptop? The laptop computer revolutionized the way people work and travel nearly as much as the original computer did. Alan Kay, who worked for Xerox PARC, first created the concept for the laptop computer. He referred to it as the Dynabook.

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